PDCA Industry Standards Download
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Of all of the functions performed by an association, there is perhaps none more important or more public-spirited than that of establishing industry standards. By undertaking to define what constitutes the proper, or more specifically, professional way of doing things in an industry, and then communicating those standards to the general public, it removes the "veil of secrecy" that so often exists between an industry and the public. Thus, by making clear to consumers the terms and understandings by which an industry's members communicate with the public and each other, the opportunities for confusion and disagreements are substantially diminished.

PDCA embarked on just such a venture, to make the painting and decorating industry less opaque both to those who rely upon it to make their living, as well as to those who purchase its services. Each Standard is organized into seven sections: (1) scope; (2) significance and use; (3) reference documents and standards; (4) definitions; (5) standard specification; (6) comments; and (7) disclaimer of liability. The Standards discuss a range of issues that commonly become the subject of misunderstandings or, in extreme cases, contract disputes and provide guidance for both the contractor and the layman about how such differences can best be avoided.

All participants in the architectural, engineering, design, construction, and painting & wallcovering industry benefit from the use and propagation of the PDCA Standards. All consumers benefit from the use of PDCA Standards by those they contract with, to provide best value for their painting and decorating expenditures.

Comments or questions regarding the Standards or their interpretation should be addressed to the Chairman of the Standards Committee at PDCA headquarters.

Introduction to the PDCA Standards


Download All PDCA Standards in a Zip Compressed Folder

Permission and Use License, Introduction to the PDCA Standards and all PDCA Standards - PDF format in Zip Compressed Folder

Standard - PDCA P1

Establishes criteria for determining a properly painted surface, defines touch up and repair, and determines which party to an agreement should bear the financial responsibility for such work.

Standard - PDCA P2

Establishes criteria for determining the qualifications and responsibilities of third parties charged with conducting inspections of coatings application work performed by painting and decorating contractors, as well as the procedures to be followed by inspectors in the performance of their duties. The establishment of “inspection hold points” by all parties to the agreement are an important part of this standard.

Standard - PDCA P3

Describes the impact on the costs associated with and time required to complete a project as the number and placement of paint colors and types of finishes grow. The standard is intended to provide guidance in those instances where the number and placement of paint colors and color ranges are either not specified in the bid documents or are unclear.

Standard - PDCA P4

Establishes criteria for determining which of the parties to an agreement has responsibility for inspecting and approving surfaces prior to their being painted or decorated.

Standard - PDCA P5

Establishes a procedure for the submission and approval of benchmark samples which will serve to determine achievable quality from specified preparation, paint and coating systems.

Standard - PDCA P6

Establishes criteria for determining the acceptance of completed wallcovering installations and defines the responsibilities of the parties to an agreement.

Standard - PDCA P7

Establishes criteria for the order of work performed by various parties on a construction project as it relates to the efficient and successful completion of painting and decorating work. The cost impact of variations from a prescribed schedule are discussed.

Standard - PDCA P8

Establishes the contracting entity’s responsibility maintenance of painted and coated surfaces and prescribes procedures and financial responsibilities for inspecting and repainting previously painted surfaces that have since become aesthetically less pleasing in appearance.

Standard - PDCA P9

Defines terms commonly used to describe work to be performed by painting and decorating contractors in the routine and ordinary course of their duties. This standard clarifies the work scope and responsibilities of the painting and decorating contractor.

Standard - PDCA P10

Prescribes a methodology for measuring surfaces for estimating and bidding painting and decorating work.

Standard - PDCA P11

Defines painter's caulk to determine its suitability and establish its placement whether delineated, implied and/or not referenced in the specification for painting.

Standard - PDCA P12

Establishes consistent procedures for the specification of block filling and the application of block filler prior to painting paint grade smooth face concrete masonry units.

Standard - PDCA P13

Establishes the inspection and acceptance of architectural paints on the interior surfaces of structures when dry film thickness is specified.

Standard - PDCA P14

Identifies and describes various levels of surface preparation for repainting and maintenance projects receiving architectural coatings.

Standard - PDCA P15

Establishes procedures for the evaluation of shop primer applied by an entity other than the painting and decorating contractor, including, but not limited to siding and other architectural features.

Standard - PDCA P16

Assigns responsibilities to the various entities involved when wallcovering is removed by an entity other than the painting and decorating contractor in preparation for painting.

Standard - PDCA P17

Assigns responsibilities to the various entities involved when smooth faced tilt-up concrete is field painted.

Standard - PDCA P18

Defines criteria for the documentation of extra work to a contract for painting and decorating. Assigns financial responsibilities to the various entities involved when extra work is performed to a contract for painting and decorating work.

Standard - PDCA P19

Defines the field of Decorative Finishing. Identifies a representative sample and describes its use. Establishes criteria for acceptance of substrate and surface preparation for Decorative Finishing Establishes criteria for acceptance of a Decorative Finish.

Standard - PDCA P20

Establishes procedures for the close out of painting and decorating projects.

Standard - PDCA P21

Designation of Stain and Clear Coating on New Interior Wood

Standard - P22

This standard establishes consistent procedures for the specification of utilizing pressurized water to clean surfaces or prepare surfaces for painting.

Standard - P23

The purpose of this standard is to identify typical common items that are not implied to be a part of the Painting and Decorating Contractors work unless explicitly referenced in the specification or contract documents for painting or finishing.

Standard - P24

Recommended protocol for spot repairing existing finishes.